##### Canadian Computing Competition: 2008 Stage 1, Senior 2

The game "Pennies in the Ring" is often played by bored computer programmers who have gotten tired of playing solitaire. The objective is to see how many pennies can be put into a circle. The circle is drawn on a grid, with its center at the coordinate . A single penny is placed on every integer grid coordinate (e.g., , , etc.) that lies within or on the circle. It's not a very exciting game, but it's very good for wasting time. Your goal is to calculate how many pennies are needed for a circle with a given radius.

#### Input

The input is a sequence of positive integer values, one per line, where each integer is the radius of a circle. You can assume the radius will be less than or equal to . The last integer will be indicated by . You may assume that the grid is large enough for two pennies to be on adjacent integer coordinates and not touch.

#### Output

You are to output, each on its own line, the number of pennies needed for each circle. You do not need to output for the last . You may assume that the number of possible pennies is less than 2 billion (which is only $20 million dollars: computer scientists have lots of money).

#### Sample Input

```
2
3
4
0
```

#### Output for Sample Input

```
13
29
49
```

## Comments

FYI, creating a square that fully encompasses the circle (like such):

and checking every point in that square to see whether it lands in the circle will probably TLE. (You have to check up to 2.5 billion points).

Can someone tell me what's wrong with mine?

i keep getting TLE for the last case

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Can someone tell me what's wrong with my program

Try this case

The correct output should be

Are you sure about that? Cause a circle with radius 1 is 3.14. And if you are rounding up it should be four??

Observe that there are 5 lattice points within the circle.

TLEfor last two casesThis can be done in O(n) time.

Why is there a fourth line in the output? Shouldn't there only be three lines of output in this particular sample?

Sorry about that. The page number from the pdf was copied into the output by accident. It has been fixed.