Canadian Computing Competition: 2013 Stage 1, Senior #5
In the game of Factor Solitaire, you start with the number ~1~, and try to change it to some given target number ~n~ by repeatedly using the following operation. In each step, if ~c~ is your current number, you split it into two positive factors ~a~, ~b~ of your choice such that ~c = a \times b~. You then add ~a~ to your current number ~c~ to get your new current number. Doing this costs you ~b~ points.
You continue doing this until your current number is ~n~, and you try to achieve this at the cost of a minimum total number of points.
For example, here is one way to get to ~15~:
- start with ~1~
- change ~1~ to ~1+1 = 2~ — cost so far is ~1~
- change ~2~ to ~2+1 = 3~ — cost so far is ~1+2~
- change ~3~ to ~3+3 = 6~ — cost so far is ~1+2+1~
- change ~6~ to ~6+6 = 12~ — cost so far is ~1+2+1+1~
- change ~12~ to ~12+3 = 15~ — done, total cost is ~1+2+1+1+4=9~.
In fact, this is the minimum possible total cost to get ~15~. You want to compute the minimum total cost for other target end numbers.
The input consists of a single integer ~N \ge 1~. In at least half of the cases ~N \le 50\,000~, in at least another quarter of the cases ~N \le 500\,000~, and in the remaining cases ~N \le 5\,000\,000~.
Compute the minimum cost that gets you to ~N~.
Sample Input 1
Output for Sample Input 1
Sample Input 2
Output for Sample Input 2
Explanation of Output for Sample Input 2
For example, start with ~1~, then get to ~2~, ~4~, ~5~, ~10~, ~15~, ~30~, ~60~, ~61~, ~122~, ~244~, ~305~, ~610~, ~671~, ~1342~, and then ~2013~.