Canadian Computing Olympiad: 2011 Day 1, Problem 2:
You are a vampire, and you want to travel from some point to another point . You may travel in the sunshine above ground or avoid the sunshine by traveling underground via certain tunnels. You have mapped out the area you wish to travel, and have found some secret tunnels between some points, some other points that you can walk between above ground. Both the tunnels and above ground paths are bidirectional. Given that you can't be exposed to the sunlight for more than seconds in total , you want to minimize the total travel time (given that you have a constant velocity of unit of distance per second).
On the first line of input, you have the number , the maximum number of seconds that you can be exposed to the sun. On the next line is the number , which is the number of points, and the number , which is the number of connections between these points, separated by one space.
The next lines each contain information about the connections between points. Specifically, each of these lines contain four integers: (one end point of a connection) , (the other end point of a connection) , (the distance between and , ), (indicate whether this is underground or above ground: indicates it is above ground, and indicates there is a tunnel between and ).
Note: for of the marks for this question, you can assume .
The output is one integer, which is the minimum amount of time required to get from point to point , with the constraint that there are not more than seconds of exposure to the sun. If there is no possible path which satisfies the constraint, output .
3 4 6 0 1 3 1 0 2 4 1 0 3 10 1 1 2 3 0 1 3 1 1 2 3 3 0
Explanation of Sample Input
The path \(0 → 1 → 2 → 3\) gives a total travel time of seconds with seconds of exposure to the sun. All other paths either required more time (e.g., \(0 → 3\) uses seconds) or overexpose to the sun (e.g., \(0 → 1 → 3\) exposes to the sun for seconds).