Some time ago Mirko founded a new tourist agency named "Dreams of Ice". The agency purchased ~N~ icy islands near the South Pole and now offers excursions. Especially popular are the emperor penguins, which can be found in large numbers on the islands.
Mirko's agency has become a huge hit; so big that it is no longer cost-effective to use boats for the excursions. The agency will build bridges between islands and transport tourists by buses. Mirko wants to introduce a computer program to manage the bridge building process so that fewer mistakes are made.
The islands are numbered ~1~ through ~N~. No two islands are initially connected by bridges. The initial number of penguins on each island is known. That number may change, but will always be between ~0~ and ~1\,000~ (inclusive).
Your program must handle the following three types of commands:
bridge A B– an offer was received to build a bridge between islands A and B (A and B will be different). To limit costs, your program must accept the offer only if there isn't already a way to get from one island to the other using previously built bridges. If the offer is accepted, the program should output
yes, after which the bridge is built. If the offer is rejected, the program should output
penguins A X– the penguins on island A have been recounted and there are now X of them. This is an informative command and your program does not need to respond.
excursion A B– a group of tourists wants an excursion from island A to island B. If the excursion is possible (it is possible to get from island A to B), the program should output the total number of penguins the tourists would see on the excursion (including islands A and B). Otherwise, your program should output
Important note: your program must output responses to commands
excursion immediately after they are received. The server program will not send the next command until your program responds to the previous one.
Another important note: for the server program to be able to read your program's responses, your program must flush the standard output after every response it outputs.
- In C++, use the command
cout << flush;
- In C, use
- In pascal, use
The first line contains the integer ~N~ ~(1 \le N \le 30\,000)~, the number of islands.
The second line contains ~N~ integers between ~0~ and ~1\,000~, the initial number of penguins on each of the islands.
The third line contains an integer ~Q~ ~(1 \le Q \le 300\,000)~, the number of commands. ~Q~ commands follow, each on its own line. As noted above, after receiving a command
excursion, your program will not receive another command until it has responded to the previous one.
Output the responses to commands
excursion, each on its own line.
In test cases worth ~50\%~ of points, the command
penguins will not appear. In these test cases ~N~ will be odd, while in all other cases ~N~ will be even.
Sample Input 1
5 4 2 4 5 6 10 excursion 1 1 excursion 1 2 bridge 1 2 excursion 1 2 bridge 3 4 bridge 3 5 excursion 4 5 bridge 1 3 excursion 2 4 excursion 2 5
Sample Output 1
4 impossible yes 6 yes yes 15 yes 15 16
Sample Input 2
6 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 bridge 1 2 bridge 2 3 bridge 4 5 excursion 1 3 excursion 1 5 bridge 3 4 excursion 1 5 penguins 3 10 excursion 1 3 bridge 1 5
Sample Output 2
yes yes yes 6 impossible yes 15 13 no