DWITE Online Computer Programming Contest, November 2007, Problem 5
A graph is a collection of nodes, called vertices, connected to each other in some fashion by edges. A graph is called connected if it is possible to find a path along edges from every point to every other point.
Below are two graphs:
One on the left is connected, while the one on the right is not connected (there is no path from node 1 to node 3).
An edge of a graph is called a bridge if by removing that edge the graph is no longer connected.
Edge 1-2 in the following graph is a bridge, since by removing it, the graph is no longer connected (no path from node 1 to any other node):
Edge 2-3 however, is not a bridge:
You are tasked with finding the number of edges, in a graph, that are bridges. You will be given 5 connected graphs, and you will output 5 single integers for the number of bridges found in graphs.
First line will contain a single integer , number of vertices. Vertices will be numbered to . . Second line will contain a single integer , number of edges. . Followed by lines, each describing an edge. An edge is described by two integers, separated by a space. All edges are valid. This format will be repeated 5 times (that is, a line after the last edge of the 1st graph, will be a single integer, describing a number of vertices in the 2nd graph).
The output will contain 5 lines, a single integer per line – the number of bridges in the described graph.
Sample Input 1
6 7 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 3 5 6 2 6 1
Sample Output 1
Problem Resource: DWITE