DWITE Online Computer Programming Contest, February 2011, Problem 2
In chess, a rook is a piece that can move to any other square on the row or column it is on. So, we say that it threatens all the squares on the row and column it is on (because it can threaten to capture any of the opponent's pieces on these squares; if there are multiple pieces in a row, the threat upon the further piece is known as skewer or an x-ray attack /chess-trivia). Given the positions of rooks on a chessboard, whose dimensions aren't necessarily by , determine the number of squares that are not threatened by rooks.
The input will contain 5 test cases. The first line of each test case contains three numbers, , and (, ) representing the number of rows and the number of columns on our chessboard (where the rows are numbered bottom up, and the columns are numbered left to right) and the number of rooks on the board respectively. The next lines each contain two numbers and (, ) representing the position of a rook on the board.
The output should contain 5 lines, where each line represents the number of squares on the chessboard that are not being threatened by rooks.
3 3 1 2 2 8 8 3 1 1 5 5 8 8
Problem Resource: DWITE