Editorial for HHPC1 P1 - Yielding the Longest Substring

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Author: AustinJiang

Case 1 (Increasing the length of a substring of identical characters by one):

The answer will simply be the max(N, L+1), where L is the length of the longest substring of identical characters.

Time complexity: \mathcal{O}(N).

Case 2 (Replacing a letter to connect two substrings of identical characters on the sides):

Find the positions that satisfy the condition a[i-1] == a[i+1] and a[i] != a[i-1]. For each of these positions i, iterate to the left to find the farthest position l, where all characters S[l], S[l+1], \dots, S[i-2], S[i-1] are the same. Similarly, iterate to the right to find the farthest position r, where all characters S[i+1], S[i+2], \dots, S[r-1], S[r] are the same. The answer will be the max(r-l+1) among these positions.

Since each subarray with identical characters will only be iterated from the left or the right, it can be proven that the total time complexity does not exceed \mathcal{O}(2N).

Overall time complexity for each test case: \mathcal{O}(3N).


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