## IOI '23 P1 - Closing Time

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Points: 25 (partial)
Time limit: 1.0s
Memory limit: 1G

Problem types
Allowed languages
C++

Hungary is a country with cities, numbered from to .

The cities are connected by bidirectional roads, numbered from to . For each such that , road connects city and city and has length , that is, it allows one to travel between the cities in units of time. Each road connects two different cities, and each pair of cities is connected by at most one road.

A path between two distinct cities and is a sequence of distinct cities, such that:

• ,
• ,
• for each , there is a road connecting cities and .

It is possible to travel from any city to any other city by using the roads, that is, there exists a path between every two distinct cities. It can be shown that this path is unique for each pair of distinct cities.

The length of a path is the sum of the lengths of the t roads connecting consecutive cities along the path.

In Hungary, many people travel to attend the Foundation Day festivities in two major cities. Once the celebrations are over, they return to their homes. The government wants to prevent the crowd from disturbing the locals, so they plan to lock down all cities at certain times. Each city will be assigned a non-negative closing time by the government. The government has decided that the sum of all closing times must not be more than . More precisely, for every between and , inclusive, the closing time assigned to city is a nonnegative integer . The sum of all must not be greater than .

Consider a city and some assignment of closing times. We say that a city is reachable from city if and only if either , or the path between these two cities (so in particular and ) satisfies the following conditions:

• the length of the path is at most , and
• the length of the path is at most , and
• the length of the path is at most .

This year, the two main festival sites are located in city and city . For each assignment of closing times, the convenience score is defined as the sum of the following two numbers:

• The number of cities reachable from city .
• The number of cities reachable from city .

Note that if a city is reachable from city and reachable from city , it counts twice towards the convenience score.

Your task is to compute the maximum convenience score that can be achieved by some assignment of closing times.

#### Implementation Details

You should implement the following procedure.

int max_score(int N, int X, int Y, long long K, std::vector<int> U, std::vector<int> V, std::vector<int> W)

• : the number of cities.
• : the cities with main festival sites.
• : the upper bound on the sum of closing times.
• : arrays of length describing road connections.
• : array of length describing road lengths.
• This procedure should return the maximum convenience score that can be achieved by some assignment of closing times.
• This procedure may be called multiple times in each test case.

#### Example

Consider the following call:

max_score(7, 0, 2, 10,
[0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 5], [1, 3, 2, 4, 5, 6], [2, 3, 4, 2, 5, 3])


This corresponds to the following road network:

Suppose the closing times are assigned as follows:

City
Closing time

Note that the sum of all closing times is , which is not more than . Cities , , and are reachable from city , while cities , , and are reachable from city . Therefore, the convenience score is 3 + 3 = 6. There is no assignment of closing times with convenience score more than 6, so the procedure should return 6.

Also, consider the following call:

max_score(4, 0, 3, 20, [0, 1, 2], [1, 2, 3], [18, 1, 19])


This corresponds to the following road network:

Suppose the closing times are assigned as follows:

City
Closing time

City is reachable from city , while cities and are reachable from city . Therefore, the convenience score is . There is no assignment of closing times with convenience score more than , so the procedure should return .

#### Constraints

• (for each such that )
• (for each such that )
• It is possible to travel from any city to any other city by using the roads.
• , where is the sum of over all calls to max_score in each test case.

We say that a road network is linear if road connects cities and (for each such that ).

1. ( points) The length of the path from city to city is greater than .
2. ( points) , the road network is linear.
3. ( points) , the road network is linear.
4. ( points) , the road network is linear.
5. ( points)
6. ( points)
7. ( points)
8. ( points)
9. ( points) No additional constraints.

Let denote the number of scenarios, that is, the number of calls to max_score. The sample grader reads the input in the following format:

• line :

The descriptions of scenarios follow.

The sample grader reads the description of each scenario in the following format:

• line :
• line :

The sample grader prints a single line for each scenario, in the following format:

• line : the return value of max_score

#### Attachment Package

The sample grader along with sample test cases are available here.