A number of rectangular posters, photographs and other pictures of the same shape are pasted on a wall. Their sides are all vertical or horizontal. Each rectangle can be partially or totally covered by the others. The length of the boundary of the union of all rectangles is called the perimeter.
Write a program to calculate the perimeter.
An example with 7 rectangles is shown in Figure 1.
The corresponding boundary is the whole set of line segments drawn in Figure 2.
The vertices of all rectangles have integer coordinates.
The first line of input contains the number of rectangles pasted on the wall. In each of the subsequent lines, one can find the integer coordinates of the lower left vertex and the upper right vertex of each rectangle. The values of those coordinates are given as ordered pairs consisting of an -coordinate followed by a -coordinate.
The output must contain a single line with a non-negative integer which corresponds to the perimeter for the input rectangles.
7 -15 0 5 10 -5 8 20 25 15 -4 24 14 0 -6 16 4 2 15 10 22 30 10 36 20 34 0 40 16
Explanation for Sample Output
This corresponds to the example of Figure 1.
All coordinates are in the range and any existing rectangle has a positive area.
The numeric value of the result may need a 32-bit signed representation.