VM7WC '15 #2 Gold - Uniting the Earth EmpireView as PDF
After the Earth Queen fell, the Earth Kingdom fell into anarchy and was overrun by bandits. Luckily for the citizens of the Earth Kingdom, Kuvira the Great Uniter has brought security to the new Earth Empire and wishes to reconnect the nation by building bridges. She thinks that bridges symbolize power and wealth and will be necessary in rebuilding Republic City.
The Earth Empire consists of hills in a straight line, with the hill having a height of . Kuvira can build a bridge between hill and hill if and only if both hill and hill are greater or equal in height to all other hills in between them.
After losing her smartest engineer and nuking her second smartest engineer, Kuvira has been left engineer-less (and fiance-less). Seeing the opportunity for a big time promotion, you decide to help her count the number of different bridges that she can build between hills!
Use a stack!
Note that each bridge that can be made has a left and a right hill. Consider a right hill . Then you must count all left hills with such that you can build a bridge between hills and . However, observe that you do not need to consider all the hills between . Consider hills and with such that the height of is greater than the height of . Hill will never be able to act as a left hill for hill because hill is "blocking" it. Thus, we will never have to consider hill as a left hill for all right hills from onward.
The first line will contain the integer .
The next lines will each contain a single integer,
The heights of the hills will be given in order.
Print a single integer, the number of distinct bridges that can be built between 2 hills.
5 2 10 5 7 10