You are given a one-indexed string of brackets of length . A string of brackets is considered "balanced" if it is classified in one of the three categories listed below:
- It is an empty string.
- It has the form of , where is a balanced string.
- It has the form , where and are both balanced strings.
()(()) is balanced, but
)()(() is not. A subsequence of a string is a string obtained by deleting some (possibly zero) characters of the string. Please note that a subsequence does not have to be contiguous. You are to write a program that supports of the following two operations:
- Output the length of the longest balanced subsequence of the substring from index to inclusive.
- Flip the bracket located at index . (i.e. from
)and vice versa)
Subtask 1 [30%]
Subtask 2 [70%]
No additional constraints.
The first line of input will contain two integers and , the length of the string and the number of operations.
The second line will contain a string of length , the initial sequence of brackets. The string will only contain
Each of the next lines will start with either or . If it starts with , two integers and will follow. If it starts with , one integer will follow.
For each type operation, print one line containing the length of the longest balanced subsequence.
10 7 ()))(())(( 1 5 8 1 3 6 1 1 10 2 10 1 9 10 2 3 1 1 10
4 0 6 2 10
For the first type query, the whole substring
(()) is balanced.
For the second type query, there exists no balanced subsequence with positive length.
For the third type query, the required subsequence
()(()) goes from index to , then to .
For the fourth type query, the whole substring
() is balanced after the update.
For the fifth type query, the whole string
()()(())() is balanced after the second update.