CCC '16 S5 - Circle of Life

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Points: 20 (partial)
Time limit: 3.0s
Memory limit: 128M

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Problem type
Canadian Computing Competition: 2016 Stage 1, Senior #5

You may have heard of Conway's Game of Life, which is a simple set of rules for cells on a grid that can produce incredibly complex configurations. In this problem we will deal with a simplified version of the game.

There is a one-dimensional circular strip of N cells. The cells are numbered from 1 to N in the order you would expect: that is, cell 1 and cell 2 are adjacent, cell 2 and cell 3 are adjacent, and so on up to cell N-1, which is adjacent to cell N. Since the trip is circular, cell 1 is also adjacent to cell N.

Each cell is either alive (represented by a 1) or dead (represented by a 0). The cells change over a number of generations. If exactly one of the cell's neighbours is alive in the current generation, then the cell will be alive in the next generation. Otherwise, the cell will be dead in the next generation.

Given the initial state of the strip, find the state after T generations.

Input Specification

The first line will contain two space-separated integers N and T (3 \le N \le 100\,000; 1 \le T \le 10^{15}). The second line will contain a string consisting of exactly N characters, representing the initial configuration of the N cells. Each character in the string will be either 0 or 1. The initial state of cell I is given by the i^{th} character of the string. The character 1 represents an alive cell and the character 0 represents a dead cell.

  • For 1 of the 15 available marks, N \le 15 and T \le 15.
  • For an additional 6 of the 15 available marks, N \le 15.
  • For an additional 4 of the 15 available marks, N \le 4\,000 and T \le 10\,000\,000.

Note that for full marks, solutions will need to handle 64-bit integers. For example:

  • in C/C++, the type long long should be used;
  • in Java, the type long should be used;
  • in Pascal, the type int64 should be used.

Output Specification

Output the string of N characters representing the final state of the cells, in the same format and order as the input.

Sample Input 1

7 1
0000001

Output for Sample Input 1

1000010

Explanation for Output for Sample Input 1

Cell 1 and cell N-1 are adjacent to cell N, and thus alive after one generation.

Sample Input 2

5 3
01011

Output for Sample Input 2

10100

Explanation for Output for Sample Input 2

After one generation, configuration becomes 00011.

After two generations, configuration becomes 10111.


Comments


  • 0
    zurtar  commented on June 26, 2019, 7:22 p.m.

    Getting TLE for batch 4-6 any tips or general directions to look into. A bit stuck here.


    • 1
      discoverMe  commented on July 1, 2019, 8:19 a.m.

      Remember that T can be very large, look at the editorial for a faster algorithm


  • -18
    rougi139  commented on Dec. 23, 2017, 12:47 p.m.

    This comment is hidden due to too much negative feedback. Click here to view it.


    • 16
      injust  commented on Dec. 23, 2017, 1:30 p.m. edited

      I'm pretty sure this is what they call asking for a ban.

      Edit: How did that banhammer taste?


      • 14
        Kirito  commented on Dec. 23, 2017, 1:59 p.m.

        That is correct.


  • 4
    Kirito  commented on Feb. 9, 2017, 6:52 p.m. edited

    This is a reminder that copy-pasting the editorial submission is neither approved, nor is it a learning opportunity. As such, anyone who has copy-pasted the editorial will:

    1. Be banned from the problem.
    2. Have their submission replaced with a cheeky message.
    3. Have their points removed. ­

  • 0
    thomas0115  commented on Feb. 23, 2016, 4:16 p.m.

    I got WA on the second last test case... but the same code AC'd


    • 3
      cheesecake  commented on Feb. 23, 2016, 4:29 p.m. edited

      This is likely due to the floating-point precision errors caused by different behavior of the function log on different judges.


      • 0
        thomas0115  commented on Feb. 23, 2016, 4:34 p.m.

        I'm getting WA on wcipeg


        • 2
          cheesecake  commented on Feb. 23, 2016, 4:35 p.m.

          Try writing your own log function.


          • 2
            thomas0115  commented on Feb. 23, 2016, 4:36 p.m.

            Thanks, that worked!


  • 0
    justyooalex  commented on Feb. 21, 2016, 4:37 p.m.

    What does Invalid Return mean? I guess my algorithm isn't just outputting a wrong answer but something else entirely?


    • 9
      awaykened  commented on Feb. 21, 2016, 4:51 p.m.

      likely, you are going over the python recursion depth limit (10^{14} times is too much)

      here is a link to stackoverflow


    • -12
      moladan123  commented on Feb. 21, 2016, 4:46 p.m.

      This comment is hidden due to too much negative feedback. Click here to view it.